Adult Health I

an increase in nitrogenous wastes in the blood, marked fluid and electrolyte abnormalities, nausea, vomiting, headache, coma, and convulsionsuremic syndrome
feeling of need to void immediatelyurgency
painful or difficult urinationdysuria



voiding at frequent intervals (<2hr)frequency
difficulty urinary OP relative to intake (usually 400mL/24hr)oliguria
voiding one or more times at nightnocturia
leakage of urine despite voluntary control of urinationdribbling
involuntary loss of urineincontinence
blood in th eurinehematuria
accumulation of urine in the bladder, with inability of bladder to empty fullyretention
volume of urine remaining after voiding (>100mL)residual urine
med that makes urine brown or blackLevodopa
med that makes urine blue or greenAmitriptyline
med that makes urine bright orange or rust colorPhenazopyridine (Pyridium)
excessive OP of urinepolyuria
no urine is producedanuria
increased urine formationdiuresis
Dysuriapainful urination
normal urine colorpale, straw color to amber
eating beets, rhubarb, or blackberries may change urine color to ___red
dark amber urine is due to high concentrations of __bilirubin
urine will be ____ with high protein concentration due to renal problemscloudy
urine is thick and cloudy when ___bacteria and WBC are present
a sweet or fruity urine smell is due to ___acetone ot acetoacetic acid seen with DM and starvation
collect during normal voiding from a cath or cuprandom
collection taken during urinationclean-voided or midstream
sterile collection of urine through a cath portsterile specimen
urine may be collected -2, -12, or -24 hr periods--beings after pt urinates and ends with final voidingtimed collection
the weight or degree of concentraion of a substance compared with a equal volume of waterspecific gravity
what is the normal pH range for urine?4.6 - 8.0
what is the normal protein range for urine?0 -8mg/100mL
what is the normal SP gravity of urine?1.0053 - 1.030

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