IAS Exam Papers-Main - Psychology (Paper -I) 1999

Psychology - 1999 (Main) (Paper - I) Time Allowed : Three Hours  Maximum Marks : 300
Candidates should attempt Questions 1 and 5 which are compulsory and any three of the remaining questions selecting at least one question from each Section. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Answer any three of the following in not more than 200 words each :
(a) What is Reminiscene ? Discuss this phenomenon in terms of interference processes.
(b) Is it necessary to conceptualize self as a determinant of behaviour besides heredity and environment ? Give real life examples to support your contention.
(c) Explain the scanning and the focusing strategies in attainment of concepts.
(d) Give your arguments in support of claiming psychology a science.

2. Why is psychological experiment described as observation under controlled conditions ? Explain, with illustration, the difference between control-groups and within-subjects designs of experiment.

3. What are perceptual styles ? Evaluate attempts to conceptualise them as personality variables.

4. Describe, in brief, the typical classical and operant conditioning experiments. Comment on the nature of reinforcement in the two. Are they basically different ?

5. Answer any three of the following in not more than 200 words each :
(a) Which model of man is most suited and relevant to behaviour modification ?

(b) State and evaluate the Drive-reduction theory of motivation. Has it any relevance to homeostasis?

(c) Discuss the importance of military psychology highlighting the functions of psychologists in the aviation sphere.

(d) Can attitudes be changed ? Discuss the factors to be considered in changing attitudes.

6. Explain the concept of intelligence quotient. Has it outlived its utility for explaining individual differences ? Is the concept of emotional quotient (EQ) more useful in this regard ?

7. Elucidate Freud's conceptualization of human personality. discuss its implications for counselling therapy.

8. Elucidate the main features of Skinner's and Chomsky's theory of language development and indicate their application.

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