IAS Exam Papers-Main - Psychology (Paper - I) 2000

Psychology - 2000 (Main) (Paper - I) Time Allowed : Three Hours Maximum Marks : 300

Q. 1. Answer any three of the following in not more than 200 words each :
(a) What is the basic difference between the experimental and correlational methods of psychology?
(b) How do models help in the process of socialization ?
(c) How can the contributions of heredity and environment be isolated in the study of human behaviour.
(d) How can the phenomenon of perceptual defence be demonstrated experimentally ?

Q. 2. Explain how operant conditioning be used to establish behaviour which is not spontaneously emitted by an organism.

Q. 3. Giving an account of Piagets's theory of cognitive development bring out the difference in the modes of thinking at different stages of development.

Q. 4. What is the theoretical and utilitarian justification of the concepts of aptitude and intelligence


Q. 5. Answer any three of the following in not more than 200 words each :

(a) How is perception of inanimate objects different from the person perception ?

(b) What is the importance of discrimination and generalization in learning ?

(c) Is national character a valid concept ?

(d) How experimenter effects and demand characteristics influence the findings of an experimental study ?

Q. 6. Illustrate and discuss the salient features of motivated behaviour.

Q. 7. Critically examine the optimistic conclusions of humanistic theories regarding human nature and existence.

Q. 8. Discuss the problems encountered in the use of verbal statements as the items of attitude scales.

INSTRUCTIONS- Each question is printed both in Hindi and in English.
Answers must be written in the medium specified in the Admission Certificate issued to you, which must be stated clearly on the cover of the answer-book in the space provided for the purpose. No mark will be given for the answers written in a medium other than that specified in the Admission Certificate.
Candidates should attempt questions 1 and 5 which are compulsory, and any THREE of the remaining questions selecting at least ONE question from each Section.
All questions carry equal marks.

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