IAS Exam Papers-Main -History (Paper - II) 2009

Hsitory- Main- 2009-Part 2 SECTION – A ( Modern India )

1. Comment on any three of the following statements in about 200 words each : 20×3=60

a). “ Though the Permanent Settlement had serious defects , it gave tranquility to the countryside and stability to the government”.

b). “ The Arya Samaj may quite logically be pronounced as the outcomes of conditions imported into India by the
west.” ( Lala Lajpat Rai)

c). “Please remember, in granting separate electorates we are sowing the dragons’s teeth and harvest will be bitter.”
( Morley)

d). “ The annexation of Awadh shook the loyalty of the Sepoy’s , as it was for them an ultimate proof of
untrustworthiness of the British.”

2.a). Why was Mysore considered a threat by the British to their possessions and mercantile interests in the south ? Do You think that Tipu Sultan’s posturing became his undoing?

b). How did the East India Company became the dejure power in India? 30

3. a). How did social legislation in the nineteenth century improve the condition of women in India? 30

b). Analyze the social composition of the early Congress leadership. 30
4. a). Discuss as to why the congress accepted the partition of India in 1947. 30

b). Do you think that Quit India movement was a Spontaneous Revolution ? 30

SECTION B : ( World History )

5. Comment on any three of the following statements in about 200 words each : 20×3=60

a). “ The capitalism which gave the European empires their apparent solidarity and permanence also hastened their downfall.”

b). “ In all the long annals of Imperialism , the partition of Africa is a remarkable freak.”

c). “ Hitler did not really want a world War. His intention wasonly a short war with Poland.” ( A. J. P. Taylar )

d). “Arab nationalism and oil – these were the principalFactors in complicating the relations of middle eastern countries with the outside world.”

6. a) Discuss the emergence of neo-imperialism in the latenineteenth century. 30

b). What was the extent of industrilisation in western Europeby the end of the nineteenth century? 30

7. a). How did Nepoleon Bonapart fuse the old France withthe new ? 30

b). Why did Vietnam go through thirty years of war afterthe second world war? 30

8. a). Account for the overthrow of the Tsarist regime inRussia 30

b). Examine the peace keeping efforts of the United Nations Organization. 30

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