IAS Exam Papers-Main- Anthropology (Paper - I) 2000

Candidates should attempt questions 1 and 5 which are compulsory, and any THREE of the remaining questions selecting at least ONE question from each Section.  All questions carry equal marks.

Q. 1.  Write short notes on any three of the following in about 200 words :

  • (a) Culture Area and Age Area
  • (b) Copper-Bronze Age
  • (c) Social stratification
  • (d) Etic and Emic approach


Q. 2. Describe the range of locomotive behaviour of contemporacy non-human primates and state how does it help in understanding the structural-functional correlations of their limb structure.

Q. 3. What do you understand by neo-evolutionism ?Evaluate how Leslie A. White's approach is helpful in understanding cultural evolution.

Q. 4. What is planning from below? Critically assess the role of anthropology towards implementing sustainable development.


Q. 5. Write short notes on any three of the following in about 200 words :


  • (a) Chi-square Test
  • (b) Malnutrition
  • (c) Genetic Adaptation
  • (d) Ethnic boundaries

Q. 6. Evaluate genetic heterogeneity of ABO, Rh and Gm antigens. Discuss how the principal human groups can be distinguished on the basis of their blood antigen characteristics.

Q. 7. Define ecosystem. Explain with examples, how biocultural adaptive qualities have helped human survival in stressful eco-conditions.

Q. 8. What do you understand by recombinant DNA technology ? Discuss its application and limitations in improving human health.

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